General Procedures. The following procedures
are for all ground movements:
Disconnect and move clear all ground
support, ground servicing, and maintenance equipment
not essential to movement of the aircraft.
Assign an authorized ground crewmember
to operate aircraft brakes, as required, from the time
chocks are removed until they are reinstalled.
Assign a ground crewmember to stand
near tip of each wing to act as a guide during ground
Stand clear of aircraft immediately prior to
and during movement.
Assign a qualified ground crewmember to
direct departure from, or approach to, a parking position.
Only approved standard signals will be used. Use a
flashlight or luminescent wand to signal instructions at
Do not stand, sit, or lie on any external
portion of an aircraft while it is in motion. Do not jump
from or board a moving aircraft.
When moving aircraft, avoid sudden stops
No person, vehicle, or aircraft shall
approach close to an oncoming taxiing aircraft, pass
closer than 200 feet to the rear of an operating turbine-
powered aircraft, or pass closer than 100 feet to the rear
of other operating aircraft.
Do not taxi or tow aircraft, or start or
runup engines within 50 feet of any fuel, oil, or water-
alcohol servicing operation, or within 50 feet of any spill
until the spill has been removed and the area rendered
Towing. Tow aircraft in accordance with the
procedures are for general towing of all aircraft.
Prior to towing aircraft, ensure that towing
attachments, lines, and bars are of adequate capacity,
serviceable, and secured firmly to designated tow
fittings of aircraft and tow vehicle.
Do not exceed the walking speed of the
slowest team member, with a maximum speed of 5
mph. Tow with extreme care over ice, snow, rough,
rocky or muddy ground and in congested areas.
Use caution when towing aircraft in
extremely low temperatures to prevent damage to
hydraulic seals which would result in strut leakage.
Pushing. Push aircraft by hand in accordance
with the applicable maintenance manual. The following
procedures are for general hand moving of all aircraft:
Keep clear of skids, aircraft wheels,
and/or ground handling wheels.
Position ground handling wheels (when
applicable) in down-and-locked position.
Apply physical pressure for pushing,
lifting, and turning only at authorized pressure points as
designated in applicable maintenance manual.
Push by hand at proper pressure points.
dangers of ground handling aircraft.
Standard Visual Signals. Visual signals for
movement of Army aircraft are contained in FM 1-105 or
grounding of aircraft is explained in the following
requirements for grounding or bonding of aircraft are as
Grounding of aircraft shall be in
requirements as FM 10-69, Petroleum
All aircraft parked outside will be grounded
and bonded, in accordance with FM 1-500, to
servicing (i.e., fueling or defueling, arming
ammunition or explosives, oxygen, hydraulic
fluids, or any flammable liquids). Grounding
is not necessary for aircraft parked outside
external power is applied to the aircraft.
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