a. Safety and Health Aspects of Painting. Painting
operations present hazards that require control or
preventive measures. Vapors produced, particularly in
spray painting, are highly flammable, as are the
accumulated dried coatings deposited on walls, floors
and equipment in painting areas. Coatings and their
thinners very often contain toxic substances which are
injurious to health by inhalation and, to a less degree, by
physical contact. Painting operations also involve
hazards resulting from the improper use of work stands,
ladders, hoists, etc.
The following measures are minimum
requirements for personal safety:
Wear protective clothing to prevent
contamination of ordinary clothing.
Aprons and clothing that become
saturated with paint should not be
worn in shop. Saturated clothing
shall not be hung in lockers or other
similar confined spaces that might
induce spontaneous combustion.
sparking shoes, which are free from
metal nails in soles and heels.
Full skin covers, i.e., gloves or skin
protective creams shall be applied to
exposed skin areas prior to painting
to guard against injurious effects of
paints, and to allow ready removal of
paints by washing the area with
water. Skin areas shall be clean and
dry before cream is applied.
Personnel engaged in stripping or
(MEK), acetone or toluene and the
spray application of paints shall wear
organic vapor cartridge respirator
approved by the Operational Safety
and Health Administration (OSHA).
Paint respirator shall be worn during
all spray painting operations.
Spray paint only when adequate
exhaust or general ventilation is
Personnel having histories of skin or
excluded from paint crews applying
epoxy paints. When there is doubt,
appropriate medical tests must be
Individuals who engage in mixing and
applying plural component paints
placement surveillance and periodic
job related medical tests.
All indoor spray painting shall be
accomplished in a vehicular paint
spray room equipped with spray
booths having a minimum face air
velocity of 120 feet per minute.
(benzol), Federal Specification ASTM
D 836, will not be used for spraying.
extremely injurious to health.
Never use flammable solvents to
clean walls of spray booths or any
part of equipment.
Smoking is prohibited in paint shop.
flammable and spark or flame of any
type will cause it to flash or explode.
Accumulations of paint spray dust in
spray booths, and in cracks and
corners of the paint shop, are both
Accumulations of paint spray dust are
highly flammable and thick coatings
combustion. Dust may also cause
deposits on newly painted surfaces
when exposed to sudden drafts. To
shops must be kept clean. Walls of
paint shops and paint spray booths
should be covered with booth plastic
which should be replaced when dirty.
Paint or paint residue removed from
booth shall be taken from building
and safely disposed of immediately.