When the aircraft is being towed, a qualiied person must be in the pilot s seat to maintain control by
use of the brakes. When towing do not exceed nose gear turn limits (Fig. 2-47). Avoid short radius
turns and always keep the inside or pivot wheel turning during the operation. Do not tow aircraft
with rudder locks installed as severe damage to the nose steering linkage can result. When moving
the aircraft backwards do not apply the brakes abruptly. Tow the aircraft slowly, avoiding sudden
stops, especially over snowy, icy, rough, soggy, or muddy terrain. In arctic climates, the aircraft
must be towed by the main gears, as an immense breakaway load, resulting from ice, frozen tires,
and stiffened grease in the wheel bearings may damage the nose gear. Do not tow or taxi aircraft
with delated shock struts.
(2) Towing. Towing lugs are provided on the upper torque knee itting of the nose strut. When it is neces-
sary to tow the aircraft with a vehicle use the vehicle tow bar. Never exceed the turn limit arrows displayed on the
placard located on the nose gear assembly (Fig. 2-47). In the event towing lines are necessary, use towing lugs
on the main landing gear. Use towing lines long enough to clear nose and/or tail by at least 15 feet. This length is
required to prevent the aircraft from overrunning the towing vehicle or fouling the nose gear.