Table 8-5. Definitions of Common Painting Terms -- Continued
Common Painting Terms
Any substance which slows or prevents chemical reaction or
The intensity of a color is its purity or saturation. For example, an
intense red is one which is a very strong, pure red color.
A term which usually indicates that the material dries by evapora-
tion and forms a film from the nonvolatile constituents.
(Brightness, reflectance, value) Position on the gray scale between
pure black and pure white.
An increase in the consistency of a paint resulting in a rubbery or
The gloss of a finish.
Organic surfaces exposed to high temperature-humidity atmos-
pheres are attacked by fungus growth. This is a dark discoloration.
Usually a mold type of fungus but more commonly called "mildew".
A petroleum fraction with boiling range between 300 and 400F.
A film defect associated with spraying. Appears as circular
A substance produced by the treatment of cotton or wood fibers
with nitric acid. Used in lacquers.
Impervious to light or not translucent.
A pebbled film surface similar to the skin of an orange in ap-
pearance. It is caused by too rapid drying before leveling takes
A compound containing carbon and hydrogen and in some cases
other elements such as oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, the
A tint. A color to which white has been added.