220.127.116.11 Safety Precautions During Eddy Current Inspection. Follow safety precautions and instructions contained
manual and the Nondestructive Inspection Methods manual listed in Table 1-1.
Electrical equipment shall not be operated in areas where combustible gases or vapors may be
present, unless the equipment is explosion-proof.
18.104.22.168 Eddy Current Scanning Techniques. Eddy current inspection
by moving the probe over and
close as possible to the surface of the area of interest. If the coil(s) pass over a defect like a crack, the impedance of the
coil will change and be represented as a movement of the "flying spot. " Before beginning the inspection, the operator
will have separated the response from lift-off and from a flaw by using the test block and manipulating the controls.
Therefore, the crack response will be essentially similar to the response from the known defect and different from the
response from lift-off. Microprocessor controlled instruments have the ability to store responses in memory. Such stored
responses are an invaluable teaching aid.
22.214.171.124.1 Scanning Around Fasteners, Inserts, and Edges
of Parts. Shielded probes are recommended any time that
the pattern of the eddy current field is likely to extend out such that it comes in contact with a feature which would mask
the response from a defect. Such features may include edges, fasteners, dissimilar materials attached to the test piece,
etc. An unshielded probe can be used around such features, but the effect of those features must be made constant by
keeping the distance between the probe and the feature constant. Non-conductive mechanical guides (straight edges,
plugs, spacers, etc. ) can be used to maintain a constant distance. In fact, the use of non-conductive mechanical guides
is useful for shielded and unshielded probes alike. As operators gain experience, they become quite innovative in
making guides that maintain constant lift-off, angles, and distance from features which may mask flaw indication.
Common materials for mechanical guides are plastics (polyethylene, acrylic, and polycarbonate), wood, phenolic
impregnated material, and resins for casting into shapes (epoxy, polyester, or hot glue). Careful selection of probes and
construction of suitable mechanical guides will make possible inspection of problem areas such as sharp edges, tight
radii, small openings, and areas near potentially masking features.
126.96.36.199.2 Bolthole Inspection. Manual bolthole inspection probes usually consist
of a split
90 degree probe with the
exposed shaft inserted in an adjustable collar. The shaft is marked in increments, and the collar secured at the desired
increment by means of a setscrew through the collar. The probe is then rotated 360 degrees around the hole at each
setting until the entire surface of the bore has been inspected. These probes are available in federal or commercial
188.8.131.52.3 Scanning Fillets and Radii. Using appropriate radius probe, scan fillets and radii several times
184.108.40.206 Eddy Current Instrument Standardization. Eddy current inspection equipment and standards required
procedures in this manual are listed in Table 1-7. Reference blocks, instrument settings, and standardization instructions
for the eddy current instrument are included in each eddy current procedure. Instrument settings, as they are given in
this manual, should be considered typical and present a test block display shown in Figure 1-7. Additional nulling will be
required to reestablish the position of the "flying spot" with the probe on the part/area to be inspected. (Use Teflon tape
(listed in Table 1-8) on the probe to save wear. Instrument settings shall be made with Teflon tape on the probe, if used.)