Table 8-5. Definitions of Common Painting Terms -- Continued
Common Painting Terms
Any of a variety of elastic compounds resembling rubber. Rubber is
an elastomeric compound.
A material which when added to a mixture of dissimilar materials
such as oil and water will produce a stable homogeneous emulsion.
A suspension of fine particles of globules of a liquid within a liquid.
A composition which thins down on stirring is said to exhibit false
Surfaces fitted or joined closely or tightly.
The temperature at which a material takes fire without flame from
an external source.
Lowest temperature at which a substance in an open vessel gives
off enough vapors to produce a flash of fire when a flame is passed
near the surface.
Color, character, dominant wavelength, blue, green, red, etc.
Embrittlement of a metal caused by absorption of hydrogen.
Attracted by water or water loving.
Repelled by water or water hating.
Absorbs and retains moisture from atmosphere or other sources.
Not miscible. Any liquid which will not mix with another liquid, in
which case it forms two separate layers or exhibits cloudiness or
This term is applied to liquid and solid systems to indicate that one
material cannot be mixed with another specified material without
separation or impairment of properties.
The term applied to various extended pigments such as asbestine,
barytes, silica calcium sulfate, mica, talc, etc. In general, they have
poor hiding power but they are inert from a chemical and physical
standpoint. While they contribute some desirable properties to a
paint, they are primarily used to lower the cost.